Architecture for Information Dissemination in Wireless Emergency Management

B. Falchuk, A. Hafid, and N. Natarajan (USA)

Keywords

wireless networks, information dissemination, emergency management, intelligent agents

Abstract

- Much as in warfare, in future large-scale emergency response (ER) to terrorism and natural disasters, sharing the so-called common operational picture amongst dynamic task groups provides immediate advantages. In the ER scenario, dissemination of the right data to the right person at the right time has a direct benefit: the preservation of human lives. In any case, timely and bandwidth efficient dissemination of sensor and Command and Control (C2) data remains a challenge. For example, dynamically changing mobile teams, information-needs profiling, information routing based upon information needs (not IP address) are all complex issues. This paper focuses on a software architecture for multi-domain wireless network information dissemination in the context of emergency response. Our approach (resting above existing MANET protocols) supports needs based dissemination, node mobility, rapidly changing groups (information sinks) and sensor networks (sources) is unique and promising. We also leverage Semantic Web and collaborative agent technologies. We describe in detail our design, Lab prototype, and advantages over the current art.

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