Biomass-Landfill Gas Reforming Process for Solid Oxide-fuel Cell Power Generation

Z. Ziaka-Vasileiadou and S. Vasileiadis (USA)


Bio-Energy, Fuel Cell Technology,Catalytic methane-carbon dioxide reformers, Solid oxidefuel cell.


New methane-CO2 reforming catalytic processing systems for conversion of gaseous hydrocarbons such as landfill and biomass gas to hydrogen and carbon oxide mixtures are described and analyzed. The exit synthesis gas is used to power high temperature fuel cells such as SOFC (solid oxide) types. Bypass streams from the exit gas can be used alternatively for production of synthetic fuels such as methanol and hydrocarbon mixtures. The paper also focuses on the description and design aspects of permreactors (permeable reactors) carrying the same type of reforming reactions. Objectives of this research include turnkey system/process development for the fuel cell industry. Also utilization of bio- and waste type resources for green power generation with increased processing capacity, and efficiency. Simultaneously, pollution reduction is under additional design consideration in the described processor-fuel cell systems. Such pollution reduction is achieved by CO2 and carbon sequestration (via in-situ conversion, recycling and usage).

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