Potential Application of VRGIS and RS in Forest Fire Hazard Monitoring

I. Setiawan, A.R. Mahmud, and S. Mansor (Malaysia)

Keywords

Virtual Reality Geographic Information System, Remote Sensing, Forest Fire Hazard.

Abstract

It is vital that forest fire hazard levels be generated in order to understand the spatiality of fire hazards and enable distribution of the minimal dynamic resources in a balanced manner. Although fire hazard cannot be avoided totally, they can be studied within the spatial context for better preparedness and mitigation. High resolution satellite data combined with low resolution satellite images such as NOAA-AVHRR offer possibilities as an input for GIS to monitor and predict forest fires hazard in term of fire risk model. VRGIS can be used to model, map and simulate the spread of a fire and determine its intensity. Remote sensing provides also capabilities for detecting new wildfire starts, monitoring ongoing active wildfires, and, in conjunction with fire-weather forecasts, providing an early warning tool for escalating, extreme wildfire events. By combining the both technology, the fire risk area, the direction of fire, distance of burned area and rate of spread of these hazards can be predicted also simulated as early warning system for long-term fire management planning and effective suppression strategies

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