L. Daghestani (UK, Saudi Arabia), R.D. Ward, Z. Xu (UK), and H. Al-Nuaim (Saudi Arabia)
Virtual Reality, Virtual Manipulatives, Virtual Reality Learning Environment, Numeracy Concepts.
The adoption of Virtual Reality (VR) technologies in
educational continues to offer new possibilities and
challenges to virtual learning environments. VR opens
new realms in the field of elementary math and creates
effective learning experiences for students especially in
numeracy concept using Virtual Manipulatives (VM).
This study investigated whether or not students who used
3-Dimensional VM would out-perform students who used
2-Dimensional VM on numeracy concepts exercises
(integer addition and subtraction). Results showed that
students made significant achievement gains in numeracy
concepts using 3-Dimensional VM. The general
conclusion is that the VR supported students‟ learning of