Effects of GSM Cellular Phones on Human Hearing: Methodological Approach and Pilot Study

S.L. Bell (UK), M. Parazzini (Italy), G. Thuroczy (Hungary), M.E. Lutman (UK), and P. Ravazzani (Ita


biological effect of electromagnetic radiation; auditorysystem; distortion product otoacoustic emissions.


The purpose of this paper is to present the experimental protocol and the work in progress performed in the framework of the European project GUARD to assess potential changes of the hearing function of humans after exposure to low-intensity electromagnetic fields produced by GSM cellular phones. Pilot studies have confirmed the practicality of the protocols. The study design, test protocols and preliminary analysis of data from the first recordings will be presented.

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