Direct Least-squares Ellipse Fitting

J. Courtney and A.M. de Paor (Ireland)


modelling in Biomedicine and Biomechanics; data modelling; limb modelling


Many biological and astronomical forms can be best represented by ellipses. While some more complex curves might represent the shape more accurately, ellipses have the advantage that they are easily parameterised and define the location, orientation and dimensions of the data more clearly. In this paper, we present a method of direct least-squares ellipse fitting by solving a generalised eigensystem. This is more efficient and more accurate than many alternative approaches to the ellipse-fitting problem such as fuzzy c-shells clustering and Hough transforms. This method was developed for human body modelling as part of a larger project to design a marker-free gait analysis system which is being undertaken at the National Rehabilitation Hospital, Dublin.

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