A Virtual Human Model for Emergency and Panic Situations

M.B.A. Karim, A.Z. Talib, A.I. Ismail, and B. Belaton (Malaysia)


Modelling of natural phenomena, human model, crowdsimulation and virtual environment


Uncontrolled crowds and poor management of crowds have been known to lead to emergency and panic situations. Deaths and injuries have often resulted from such situations. Tools and models are required to study behaviour in emergency and panic situations. In this paper, we propose a virtual human model for dealing with such situations. Our model is based on previous studies of phases of terror and fear, models of flight behaviour and behaviour of children in emergency and panic situations. We describe in this paper the specification and the associated pseudo-scripts of the model.

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