Reliable Event Transfer in Wireless Sensor Networks Deployed for Emergency Response

R.C. Doss and D. Chandra (Australia)


System Design, Simulations, Network measurements, Wireless Sensors.


Sensor Networks have applications in diverse fields. They can be deployed for habitat modeling, temperature monitoring and industrial sensing. They also find application in battlefield awareness to sense chemicals and other gases used in chemical and biological warfare. An application that has become increasingly attractive in the post 9/11 era is the use of wireless sensor networks for emergency (first) response in mass casualty incidents. Reliability of data and event transfer is of critical importance to emergency response applications. In this work we propose a reliable event transfer mechanism making use of an overlay network of relay nodes. The overlay network removes the burden of data relaying from the sensor nodes and results in increasing the lifetime of the network. Simulation results prove the benefits of such an architecture. Reliability is increased 10-30% with reduction in event traffic of 60-80%.

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