Perceptual Audio Quality Analysis of VOIP Loss-Recovery Techniques

T.-K. Chua and D.C. Pheanis (USA)


Packet loss, loss recovery, interactive communications, VoIP, quality of service (QoS), Mean Opinion Score (MOS).


Voice over Internet Protocol (VoIP) is a technology that transports voice data packets across packet-switched net works using the Internet Protocol (IP). Losing packets in the network is inevitable, and losing voice packets degrades audio quality. There are many loss-recovery techniques that designers can use to mitigate the undesired effects of packet loss. Some of these loss-recovery techniques use sender-based procedures, and others use receiver-based procedures. We examine several well-known sender-based loss recovery techniques that are feasible for real-time inter active VoIP applications. We analyze the bandwidth re quirements and buffering delays of these techniques. Addi tionally, we evaluate the perceptual sound quality of these approaches under a simulated real-network loss condition. We also compare the effectiveness of these techniques against a speech coder that has high degree of packet-loss robustness.

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