Ground-to-Ground Hyperspectral Anomaly Detection

J. Romano and D. Rosario (USA)


Parallel anomaly detection, hyperspectral imagery, and random sampling


Ground to ground, sensor to object viewing perspective presents a major challenge for autonomous window based object detection, since object scales at this viewing perspective cannot be approximated. We present a fully autonomous parallel approach to address this challenge. Using hyperspectral (HS) imagery as input, the approach features a random sampling stage, which does not require secondary information (range) about the targets; a parallel process, which is introduced to mitigate the inclusion by chance of target samples into clutter background classes during random sampling; and a fusion of results. The probability of sampling targets by chance within the parallel processes is modeled by the binomial distribution family, which can assist on tradeoff decisions. Since this approach relies on the effectiveness of its core algorithmic detection technique, we also propose a compact test statistic for anomaly detection, which is based on a principle of indirect comparison. This detection technique has shown to preserve meaningful detections (genuine anomalies in the scene) while significantly reducing the number of false positives (e.g. transitions of background regions). To capture the influence of parametric changes using both the binomial distribution family and actual HS imagery, we conducted a series of rigid statistical experiments and present the results in this paper.

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