INVESTIGATION OF CONTACT STIFFNESS AND ITS RELATION TO FRICTION-INDUCED NOISE AND VIBRATION

J.A. Abdo

Keywords

Contact stiffness, frictioninduced noise and vibration, asperity shear, asperity deformation modes

Abstract

Because the apparent stiffness due to contact of one surface on another relates directly to the localized resonant frequencies, it is believed that accurate account of this property will lead to the fundamental understanding of causes of friction-induced vibration and noise. The mathematical model of contact is utilized to develop formulae for normal and tangential contact stiffness. This paper presents a study in which the various modes of elastic deflections of an asperity are also considered, as well as their effects. The bending, shear, and Hertz contact modes of elastic deflection are assumed to simultaneously occur for an asperity. Investigation of the combined effect of bending, shear, and Hertzian contributions to the contact stiffness indicates that the equivalent contact stiffness is best represented, among the three types of stiffness, by that due to Hertzian contact.

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