Interfacial Performances between Insulating and Semi-Conductive Silicone Polymer in Power Distribution Line

K.-T. Lee, C.-H. Hwang, and C.-S. Huh (Korea)


Plasma treatment, Semiconductive silicone, XPS, Adhesion, Electrical breakdown


In this paper, we investigated the effects of short-term oxygen plasma treatment of semi-conducting silicone layer to improve interfacial performances in joints prepared with a insulating silicone materials. Surface characterizations were assessed using contact angle measurement and x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), and then adhesion level and electrical performance were evaluated through T-peel tests and electrical breakdown voltage tests of treated semi-conductive and insulating joints. Plasma exposure mainly increased the polar component of surface energy from 0.21 dyne/cm2 to 47 dyne/cm2 with increasing plasma treatment time and then leveled off. Based on XPS analysis, the surface modification can be mainly ascribed to the creation of chemically active functional groups such as C-O, C=O and C-OH on semi-conductive silicone surface. This oxidized rubber layer is inorganic silica-like structure of Si bound with three to four oxygen atoms (SiOx, x=3~4). The oxygen plasma treatment produces an increase in joint strength that is maximum for 10 min treatment. However, due to brittle property of this oxidized layer, the highly oxidized layer from too much extended treatment could be act as a weak point, decreasing the adhesion strength. In addition, electrical breakdown level of joints with adequate plasma treatment was increased by about 10 % with model samples of joints prepared with a semi conducting/ insulating silicone polymer after applied to interface.

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