Environmental Concerns Related with Cogeneration Heat and Power Plants in Romania

G. Radman, L. Matei, C. Salisteanu, I. Udroiu, C. Radu, and G. Mitroi (Romania)

Keywords

combustion plants, pollutants emission, emission trading. Abbreviation BAT best available technique ; CHP cogeneration heat and power; DH district heating; DHS district heating system; EU European Union; EU ETS –European Union Emission Trading Scheme; GD Governmental Decision; GHG greenhouse gases; JI – Join Implementation; LCP large combustion plants MAI Minister of Administration and Interiors MET Ministry of Economy and Trade MEWMMinister of Environment & Wat

Abstract

Pollutant emission corresponding to district heating plants represents one of the main air pollution sources in many localities. Therefore, important investments are needed in this sector so that the negative impact on environment and human heath is reduced. 79 from the total of 80 Large Combustion Plants (LCP) which belong to 26 public local authorities are old and they are not in compliance with the requirements of Directive 2001/80/EC. Priority 3 of Sectoral Operational Programme “Environment” (SOP ENV) „Improvement of municipal heating systems in selected priority areas” supports the refurbishment of the LCP operating within the municipal heating systems with the aim to reduce gas emissions at the level of the plant, as well as to improve the energy efficiency at the level of plant and distribution network. A big challenge for municipal heating plants is the transposition of Directive 2003/87EC concerning European Union Emission Trading Scheme for greenhouse gases emissions, respectively the National Allocation Plan for CO2 emission. This, entered into force from 1st January 2007, creates, both, opportunities and obligations for the co-generation heat and power plant operators. More of them have already been involved in Join Implementation projects, using the amount of money obtained by selling their emission reduction for investments.

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