Evaluation of Renewable Energy as an Alternative Source for Rural Electrification in Tanzania

M.A. Kusekwa, R. Tzoneva, and A.K. Mohamed (South Africa)


Tanzania, biomass energy, renewable energy, alternative energy, sustainable energy


This paper presents an evaluation of renewable energy as an alternative source for rural electrification in Tanzania. Biomass is the basic form of energy for the majority of the population. It is being used by over 90 percent of the rural population. Cogeneration based on wood waste and bagasse could generate electricity sufficient to electrify the rural areas around the industries. Wind and Geothermal are future potentials for future use in electrification. Solar energy is promising as an alternative. Initial cost and technical know-how is the obstacle in its implementation. International technical facilitation is needed to be a player in future rural electrification.

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