Multi-Parameter Ocean Monitoring System using Underwater Wireless Sensor Networks

K.R. Anupama, A. Sasidharan, and S. Vadlamani (India)


Sensor networks, Ocean Monitoring Systems, Underwater Acoustic Networks, Network Architecture, Cross-layer protocols.


The deployment of sensor networks in an aquatic environment has been severely limited because of the unpredictable nature of the underwater environment. Building a low-cost, energy and resource efficient Underwater Wireless Sensor Network (UWSN) will open new vistas in the areas of ocean, river and lake monitoring and exploration. In this paper we present a novel architecture for a hypothetical UWSN that could be deployed in the Bay-of-Bengal. This UWSN is an N-tier model with sensor nodes deployed at varying depths along the ocean column. The network can be re-configured based on the deployment scenario and the application. This paper also discusses various issues involved in developing a cross-layer protocol for the architecture proposed.

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