ENERGY POTENTIAL OF THE OCEANS IN EUROPE AND NORTH AMERICA: TIDAL, WAVE, CURRENTS, OTEC AND OFFSHORE WIND

T.J. Hammons∗

Keywords

Marine technology, waves, tidal power generation, power genera tion economics, energy resources, marine technology, power system economics, tidal power generation, wind energy

Abstract

This paper examines energy potential of the oceans in Europe and North America: tidal, tidal current stream, wave, and offshore wind. It considers ocean wave and tidal power projects in San Francisco, wave power technologies (oscillating water column (owc), overtopping devices, float systems, and hinged contour devices), and cost. Feasibility assessments of offshore wave and tidal current production are described, and wave project results are given. US wave energy resources, feasibility definition study sites, feasibility study for wave energy conversion (WEC) devices, demonstration-scale plant design, commercial-scale plant design, learning curves, economics, and recommendations are discussed. Then, recent progress in offshore energy technology development including offshore wind-power is evaluated. It summarizes research and development in USA and Europe by the world’s foremost renewable energy authorities.

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