Prepositional Phrase Attachment Ambiguity Resolution using Semantic Hierarchies

K. Nadh and C.R. Huyck (UK)


Prepositional Phrase Attachment, Syntactic and Semantic ambiguity, Semantic Nets, Hierarchies, Parsing,AmbiguityResolution


This paper describes a system that resolves prepositional phrase attachment ambiguity in English sentence process ing. This attachment problem is ubiquitous in English text, and is widely known as a place where semantics determines syntactic form. The decision is made based on a four-tuple composed of the head verb of the verb phrase, the head noun of the noun phrase, and the preposition and head noun in the prepositional phrase. A corpus with known results, the Penn Treebank, is used for training and testing purposes. During training, known results are used to build a lattice of hierarchical categories taken from WordNet. These lattices are then compared to the novel lattices derived from the test four-tuples. The results of the system are 90.53% correct attachment decisions.

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