The Strengths and Weaknesses of Legal Provisions and Effective EIA Practice in Bangladesh

S.M. Zobaidul Kabir and S. Momtaz (Australia)


EIA, legal provisions, effectiveness, Bangladesh


Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA), as an environmental management tool has been formally used in Bangladesh since 1995. A strong legal set up is an important indicator of effective EIA system. However, no empirical research has been conducted to understand the adequacy of legal basis of EIA in Bangladesh. This study fills this gap. The aim of this paper is to identify the strengths and weaknesses of legal provisions of EIA in Bangladesh. This empirical qualitative study shows that despite the clear legal basis of EIA, there are still some weaknesses that may affect the quality of EIA practice. Therefore, immediate revision and modification of existing legal provisions is required for further improvement of EIA system in Bangladesh. It is expected that the timely legal reform will contribute to improve the EIA practice and thereby promote sustainable development in Bangladesh.

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