Integrated Resource Strategic Planning and Case Study in California

Z. Hu, Q. Wen, and X. Tan (PRC)


Integrated resource strategic planning, low-carbon electricity, energy efficiency, and demand side management.


In order to reduce emissions of greenhouse gas, many governments in the world are focusing on clean energy in supply side and energy savings in demand side. Integrated Resource Planning (IRP) used to take both supply-side and demand-side resources had been a useful planning process for power planning when the electric power industry was dominated by regulated and vertically integrated utilities. However, its effectiveness has been diminished with the restructuring of the power sector elsewhere around the world, where the selection and investment in generating facilities are left to the unregulated market. As an alternative to IRP in a deregulated power sector, the Integrated Resource Strategic Planning (IRSP), as a low-carbon electricity model, takes the resource planning one step higher to the national level. IRSP, as a useful tool for government in a deregulated utility environment, is an effective planning process to find key barriers and measures for energy savings and emission reductions. The concept of IRSP has been introduced, and the model of IRSP has been studied in this paper. A case study for California has shown the utilization of IRSP in energy efficiency.

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