Design of State Feedback Controller and Observer for Type ‘I’ Diabetic Patients

Ali M. Hariri and Le Y. Wang


Biomedical modeling, Diabetes, Feedback controller, Adaptation


During the past few decades, biomedical modeling techniques have been applied to improve performance of a wide variety of medical systems that require monitoring and control. Diabetes is one of the most important medical problems. This paper focuses on designing a state feedback controller with observer to improve the performance of the insulin control for Type I diabetic patients. The dynamic model of glucose levels in diabetic patients is a nonlinear model. The system is a typical fourth-order single-input-single-output state space model. Using a linear time invariant controller based on an operating condition is a common method to simplify control design. On the other hand, adaptive control can potentially improve system performance. But it increases control complexity and may create further stability issues. This paper investigates patient models and presents a simplified control scheme using observer-based feedback controllers. By comparing different control schemes, it shows that a properly designed state feedback controller with observer can eliminate the adaptation strategy that the PID regime-switching controllers need to improve the control performance. Control strategies are simulated and their performance is evaluated in MATLAB and Simulink.

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