Nafion/Poly Vinylidene Fluoride (PVDF) Blends for Polymer Electrolyte Membranes Application

Nonhlanhla P. Cele


Nafion®, Nanoparticles, Nanocomposite membranes, Fablrication, Properties, Review


The proton exchange membrane fuel cells have attracted tremendous attention recent years because of their highest efficiency compared to other types of fuel cells. Nafion®, a perfluorinated polymer substituted by sulfonic acid groups, is the most commonly used polymer for the fabrication in proton exchange fuel cell membrane. A large variety of nanoparticles of different nature and size can be blended with Nafion® matrix, therefore, generating a new class of nanostructured electrolyte membrane with interesting physical properties. These membranes have attracted both academic and industrial attention because they exhibit significant improvement in thermo-mechanical and thermal stability as well as proton conductivity at a very low filler contents.

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