Sustainable Hydrogen Fuel Production at Plants or On-Site?: An Economic and Environmental Analysis

Martin Zsifkovits, Sebastian Zangerl, and Kurt Heidenberger


Hydrogen, Renewable Energy, Plant production, OnSite production, Fuel Cell Vehicles


Shortage of oil is imminent in the near future and CO2-emissions have to be reduced dramatically in the next decades to contain global climate warming. A possible approach to solve these problems is a change in the mobility sector via the reduction of fossil fueled vehicles. One of the most promising alternative approaches is hydrogen technology. Nevertheless, major questions have to be answered before a hydrogen mobility market can be established. Here, a major issue is, whether fuel should be produced in major plants or on-site, directly at filling stations. In this paper, we try to answer this question based on a mathematical model that investigates economic and ecological consequences of both production modes.

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