Electrical Impedance Tomography (EIT) in Pulmonary Measurement: A Review of Applications and Research

G. Panoutsos, M. Mahfouf, B.H. Brown, and G.H. Mills (UK)


Medical Imaging, Pulmonary Measurement, Electrical Impedance Tomography (EIT)


Electrical Impedance Tomography (EIT) was developed in the early 1980s by Barber and Brown at the Department of Medical Physics and Clinical Engineering, Hallamshire Hospital in Sheffield (UK). EIT has been the subject of intensive research since then, focusing on medical applications and research. Pulmonary measurement in particular has been the centre of attention of most EIT related research because of its potential application as a routine tool in healthcare for continuous bedside monitoring of pulmonary functions. This review aims at summarising the EIT developments to date with a focus on pulmonary measurement and also at giving directions for further research.

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