Challeges Facing Natural Resources Management: Human-wildlife Co-existence in the Okavango Delta, Botswana

Lucas Pius Rutina, Ketlhatlogile Mosepele, and Gaseitsiwe Smollie Masunga


Okavango Delta, Human Wildlife Conflict, Co-existence, Community Natural Resource Management, Game Ranching, Conservation Agriculture


In southern Africa, co-existence between human and wildlife is hampered by the rate of conflict between the two, especially where the two share a common resource. We investigated this in the Okavango Delta using crop raiding and livestock predation by wildlife. We found that both crop raiding and livestock predation were significant increase from 1992 to 2012 around the Okavango Delta. Potential strategies (conservation agriculture, game ranching and community natural resource management) to reduce the conflict and promote co-existence are suggested.

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