Estimating Spatial Variation of Sediment Transport Processes using a Distributed Catchment Model

B.K. Koo and J.-H. Cho (Korea)


Sediment transport and distributed catchment modelling


For effective management of sediment-related diffuse pollution, it is of utmost importance to estimate spatial variation of sediment transport processes within a catchment. A mathematical model can play a critical role in estimating sediment transport processes at the catchment scale provided that the model structure is appropriate for representing major sediment transport processes of the catchment of interest. This paper introduces a distributed catchment model RBWQS (River Basin Water Quality Simulator) and presents some results of its application to a small rural catchment in Korea. The model has been calibrated and validated for a wet period using hourly hydrographs and sediment concentrations observed at the catchment outlet. Based on the model simulation results, the spatial variation of sediment transport processes across the catchment and the effects of paddy fields and small reservoirs on hydrology and sediment transport have been analyzed at the catchment scale.

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